Doppelgangers

While searching Youtube for news stories I came across a Video about Doppelgangers. Since I watch Numerous Paranormal shows, I had a basic understanding of the term Doppelganger, so out of Idle curiosity, I watched their (It’s ok to be Smart) segment. I was taken back by the detail in which they presented on the subject. They looked at it from several different angles that I had never thought to investigate. This Post today will be a more in-depth Focus on the different perspectives that are seen when Researching Doppelgangers. I hope you hang around and Learn with me.

When talking about Doppelgangers we need to define them. We must start with a Collective definition of the Term then Broaden upon it. Since there are several ways to Define the Term, I tried to find the most inclusive known to represent it. Here is what I found.

Doppelganger Definition:

is a non-biologically related look-alike or double of a living person, sometimes portrayed as a ghostly or paranormal phenomenon and usually seen as a harbinger of bad luck. Other traditions and stories equate a doppelgänger with an evil twin. In modern times, the term twin stranger is occasionally used.  The word “doppelgänger” is often used in a more general and neutral sense, and in slang, to describe any person who physically resembles another person. (Wikipedia) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doppelg%C3%A4nger

What does the Paranormal World say about them?

While searching the Topic through Paranormal Research Websites, I came across a well written and sourced Article that had been cross-posted several times. This article not only gives its Readers an insightful look into the Doppelgangers, but it also gives you the different Historical cases to legitimize their claims. Although this Article in different Scientific Circles has been challenged, the witnesses stand tall in there claims and evidence. Here is what the Writer of this in-depth Article revealed.


A Doppelganger, also spelled Doppelgaenger, can be the ghost of a living person or any other sort of physical double that look very similar to the ghosts of the deceased. The idea of a doppelganger is sometimes similar to that of an “evil twin.” The word doppelganger comes from the German Doppelgaenger, literally meaning “double-goer.” Doppelgangers are also linked if not similar to crisis apparitions.
 
Types of Doppelganger:

·   There are many different types of Doppelganger.

·   The Doppelganger may be ghostly or appear in the flesh.

·  It may be an “evil twin” unknown to the original person who causes mischief by confusing friends and relatives.

·  It may be the result of the original person being in two places at once (Bilocation) through an act of magic.

· In some cases, a person will come upon his own doppelganger who is typically engaged in some future activity.
 
Scientists at the University Hospital in Geneva, Switzerland discovered that electrical stimulation of the brain, used to treat epilepsy, can produce the sensation of a doppelganger’s presence in the patient.
 
In folklore:
The doppelganger is said to have no shadow or reflection, much like vampires in some traditions. Doppelgangers are often malicious or a bad omen and they can haunt their earthly counterparts. They may also give bad advice or put thoughts in their victim’s heads. Seeing one’s own doppelganger or the doppelganger of a friend or relative is considered very bad luck, often heralding death or serious illness of the doppelganger’s original.
 

Famous cases:
English poet John Donne claimed to have met his wife’s doppelganger in Paris shortly before his daughter was stillborn. Poet Percy Bysshe Shelley and President Abraham Lincoln both saw doppelgangers that presaged their death; Shelley in a dream and Lincoln in his mirror.
Case example: German ghost hunting investigative team is called upon a doppelganger haunting activity to investigate.
The woman victim was standing on a street corner and with her peripheral vision saw the image of herself on a bus. The image of herself was staring back at her. One week later she again faced her doppelganger in a crowded mall, it stared at her and seemed to disappear amongst the mass of people. It wore the same clothes that she wore. One week later, she was diagnosed with cancer.
 
Theories:
According to Shahar Arzy and colleagues of the University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland the left temporoparietal junction of the brain evokes the sensation of self-image—body location, position, posture, etc. When the left temporoparietal junction is disturbed, the sensation of self-attribution is broken and may be replaced by the sensation of a foreign presence or copy of oneself displaced nearby. This copy mirrors the real person’s body posture, location, and position. Arzy and his colleagues suggest that the phenomenon they created is seen in certain mental illnesses, such as schizophrenia, particularly when accompanied by paranoia, delusions of persecution and of alien control. Nevertheless, the effects reported are highly reminiscent of the doppelgänger phenomenon. http://national-paranormal-society.org/doppelgangers/






The National Paranormal Society
02/09/19
By wp-system in Ghosts and Hauntings

Here is another well written and Researched article that examines the History and Eyewitness accounts of Doppelgangers. Since I do not have written consent to use the information from Ancient Pages, I will ask you to click on the link below to read their Wonderful Article about Doppelgangers. Trust me, you will thank me later for including this one. http://www.ancientpages.com/2018/08/08/mystery-of-doppelgangers-and-spirit-doubles-from-ancient-to-modern-times-2/

Staying on the Paranormal side still. This Article answers a Question submitted to this Paranormal website regarding the issue of whether or not you can Control a Doppelganger and what to do if you encounter one. This Article comes from Paranormal Encounters and was written by Andrew who posted it in their Ghosts section on, JANUARY 5, 2013.

“These days, some theorize that a doppelganger is evidence of the many worlds theory of quantum physics. Whatever a doppelganger is, there is no way to control one.

1

Look at your doppelganger. For many people, doppelgangers appear in their peripheral vision. If you can’t turn and look directly at your doppelganger, especially if the doppelganger disappears when you turn toward it, you have probably misperceived a passing person or reflection of yourself.

2

Touch your doppelganger. If you can do this, your doppelganger is a real person and not an optical illusion.

3

Speak to your doppelganger. You may find that your doppelganger is a distant relative who looks like you through a coincidence of genetics. Your doppelganger may be a twin who was separated from you at birth.

4

Consider the possibility of a disorder. If others are telling you that you have a neurological disorder, you may be suffering from doppelganger syndrome, in which you believe a doppelganger of yourself exists. You may think that the doppelganger is living a separate life from you or that your doppelganger has stolen a part of your brain or personality.

5

Realize that memory, like perception, is fallible. You may be convinced you remember seeing a doppelganger, but you may have confused two events. If you’ve undergone hypnosis, you may have had a memory suggested to you and now can’t tell that it isn’t a real memory. If you’ve suffered from a bout of sleep paralysis, you may have experienced a hallucination.

6

Don’t panic. Many people who relate tales of seeing their doppelgangers live for many years afterward. Seeing your doppelganger doesn’t mean you’re going to die, only that you’ve got a fascinating story to tell.”

Now that we have seen what the Paranormal Investigators think and Warn us about Doppelgangers, let’s see how Scientists Classify; Explain, Test, and Theorize them.

Science states that they don’t exist and use Facial recognition and psychiatry as their main talking points. First, we will learn about the Facial recognition. Then we will Delve into the psychiatry side.

“Michael Sheehan, an assistant professor of neurobiology and behavior at Cornell University says it is.

He concluded in a recent study that our faces have evolved due to the importance of individuality to our species. But that doesn’t mean they are an exact duplicate of you.

Take a look at the doppelgangers: they might have the same smile, same color eyes, but look closer. You will undoubtedly spot something that isn’t quite exact between the two”. (Global News) https://globalnews.ca/news/2300048/your-doppelganger-exists-according-to-science-heres-why/

“The shape and configuration of a human face are much more variable, compared with other body parts, the study found. What’s more, genes that have been linked to face structure vary more than DNA in other regions of the body. This suggests that the forces of evolution have selected for facial diversity, perhaps to make individuals more recognizable to other people, the researchers say.

“An individual may actually benefit from having a unique face,” “It’s like evolving a name tag.”

There are many situations in which it might be evolutionarily costly to be confused with another person, Sheehan notes, such as if an enraged neighbor mistakes you for their enemy. “Or maybe you’ve done something fantastic and someone wants to give you a reward, but they give it to someone else instead,” Sheehan notes. “Being cryptic could be harmful.”

Sheehan’s team found that most body parts are internally consistent: If a person’s hand is wide, it’s usually long, too. Face parts, in contrast, are not predictable. “You mix and match,” Sheehan jokes, “like Mister Potato Head.”

To get a sense of when this diversity cropped up during human evolution, the researchers also compared the DNA of modern humans to that of a Neanderthal individual and of a Denisovan, another early human relative.

In both the modern and ancient DNA, two genes—one related to the distance between the chin and bridge of the nose, and the other to nose shape—had similar levels of variability, suggesting that facial diversity evolved before modern humans did.

That high level of genetic variability probably means that evolutionary forces are at play in shaping the diversity of faces, the authors say. Consider a hypothetical gene that codes for either a long nose or a short nose, depending on its DNA variations. If a long nose was harmful, long-nose variants would be weeded out over time. But if the usefulness of a long nose depends on the environmental context, then both short and long variants will stick around in the genome, leading to a more diverse set of genes.” Interview with Michael Sheehan, a postdoctoral fellow at the University of California, Berkeley
(National Geographic) https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/09/140916-faces-evolution-cognition-social-recognition-genetics/

Just like art, facial recognition technology is often misunderstood. It’s not an all-knowing big brother that keeps track of your weekly—or daily—trips to the pizzeria. More accurately, it’s a lead generator for law enforcement—akin to a more reliable eye witness.

An arrest can never be made based solely on facial recognition results. But, any results achieved can be used as a lead for investigators. The onus then falls on law enforcement to establish probable cause before an arrest can be made.

Moreover, facial recognition is not a machine-dominated technology. There are two parts to the technology—facial recognition, which is software-based; and facial identification, which is human-based.

“What was once a manual drawn out process of viewing mugshot images to determine someone’s identity, or conducting neighborhood canvasses, facial recognition has streamlined the process by returning investigative results quicker and more efficiently.”

Facial recognition systems rely heavily on eye locations to properly orient the probe image before a search. Eyes are like the cog to the facial recognition wheel—they’re a centralized focal point that the recognition process works around.

Facial recognition is not a Science. It is not regulated, there are no restrictions in place, no standards.

Biometric sciences are absolute. You have blood, DNA, fingerprints. That requires contact from a person. To me, facial recognition is a technology tool that has a lot of scientific principles, but it’s not absolute. There are a lot of variables that go into facial recognition. Lighting, pose if someone is wearing glasses or a hat—it throws off the algorithms, they won’t work. It has problems. Anytime you are dealing with images and video, which are reprints and not the actual person, it should be treated as a separate biometric.”

Best Practices for Facial Recognition Investigation Workflow

1) Identify the image

The human facial identifier first must look at the probe image to determine if it meets the minimum criteria for a facial recognition search. Does it have to be rejected due to low quality, a bad pose, bad lighting, distance, etc? If it’s a good quality image, or a controlled image, it can be imported into the software for a result. If it’s not, can the photo be enhanced to give it a second life? Can pose and lighting be corrected using image enhancement tools and other graphic art design principles?

2) Run the search

Once an analyst has identified the image, you can run the search and apply filters. The most important question here is, what kind of image gallery are you using—one that has 140 million images, or one that has 1,000 images? The probability factor of a smaller gallery will give you a higher matching accuracy. Rodriguez always recommends letting the software return anywhere from 250 to 500 possible candidate matches. “If you can thumb through 500 candidates and locate your candidate at 300 or 400, then you are ahead of the game,” he says.

3) Facial identification

Once the software returns candidates, it’s time for the human element. An analyst must look at both the probe image and possible candidates and match unique identifers, such as stars, markers, moles, tattoos, hair texture, etc. “The ears—they are just as unique as the fingerprint,” says Rodriguez. “We ruled out a ton of doppelgangers by simply looking at the profile of the ear.”

4) Verify choice

Once it is determined this person, through a subjective analysis, meets all the traits physically, it must be validated that he/she was at the scene of the crime. Does he live in the area, has she committed the same crime before, what is the arrest history? A secondary phase of validation is peer-review. The analyst should show three to five peers how he/she matched up the physical attributes from the probe image to the candidate.

5) Possible match report

Place the probe image in the gallery, verify who it is and then create a possible match report. But the report is just that—a report. No law enforcement agency can go out and make an arrest based on a facial recognition match. They must establish probable cause by other means. This is no different than a called-in tip from someone on the street. The law enforcement agency still has to go out, bring that person in, and establish proper cause.

Doctors do not conform to the Ideology of the Doppelgangers. In Fact, Most Neurologists and Psychologists agree, that Doppelgangers are a simple trick of the brain, that is caused by an underlying psychosis such as Schizophrenia. Doctors call this Heautoscopy.

Heautoscopy is a term used in psychiatry and neurology for the reduplicative hallucination of “seeing one’s own body at a distance“. It can occur as a symptom in schizophrenia and epilepsy. Heautoscopy is considered a possible explanation for doppelgänger phenomena.

“During an out-of-body experience, the patient has the subjective feeling of being awake and experiences the ‘self’ or centre of awareness, as being located outside the physical body, at a somewhat elevated level (abnormal self-location). It is from this elevated extrapersonal location that the patient’s body and the world are perceived.” This is Known as an “Autoscopic phenomenon“.

During an Autoscopic hallucination, patients experience seeing an image of their body in extrapersonal space as if they were looking into a mirror, while self-location, self-identification and the first-person perspective remain unaffected. Autoscopic hallucinations are mostly of brief duration. Autoscopic hallucinations due to various neurological disorders such as migraine and focal epilepsy as well as Ischaemic and neoplastic brain damage of the occipital and/or occipito-parietal lobe.

As in out-of-body experiences and Autoscopic hallucinations, the patient with Heautoscopy has the impression of seeing an image of his body in extrapersonal space. However, it is often difficult for the patient with heautoscopy to decide whether they are disembodied and whether the centre of conscious experience is localized within the physical body or the Autoscopic body.

A further difference exists between Heautoscopy with respect to out-of-body experiences and Autoscopic hallucinations; patients with heautoscopy may report to experience existing at two places at the same time (bi-location), often associated with alternating or simultaneous self-locations and first-person perspectives at the physical and the autoscopic body. Patients with Heautoscopy experienced strong emotional sensations (fear, pleasure, anger). https://watermark.silverchair.com/aws364.pdf?token=AQECAHi208BE49Ooan9kkhW_Ercy7Dm3ZL_9Cf3qfKAc485ysgAAAkAwggI8BgkqhkiG9w0BBwagggItMIICKQIBADCCAiIGCSqGSIb3DQEHATAeBglghkgBZQMEAS4wEQQMB96JZXQIhcoHm3iBAgEQgIIB84Z5P39ySJ81UipjAP5aHtSHTI40U97PunIolttdgY6pZ8JQP4AX4tKFlm_uiPDpCc7yxBAgcH402l9A41_JDvi3tz1MpKPNuIw0wGM9Gkm3OHNWlcMbL13wVA4X16FEEOZun6fkCdKYAtmMx4eumXn0im9bsVptqZpYlOHz6AEh4Wp3xpxF-7tatGTb7y0PzgQ8zU9gn_4O5DARdQwgPn4wf9QgKXE1181lEBeBDAvImGu9jiAIFZGeMvTPAYN8KhFPDkA30A1X7eJAdMSs2ae5vynGh3Y-6Um8gz0UEqysPXmI_d9XL2QxxRb5pyHxGYxAk_kaIHMsn-7qkorqbrrgYvrU4IqTJdZuxB6V2k8BGfIk_hTRZecM0ynR4hQmr5ByZshAILr9pI7r1CxJRjmgiScnF086lgVQWxOyRpNIdoGnj_BWedX8ZcSuHFOJT_NM8bOGS7lT2hMHD7d4-k6n3d7hwVOc2uqHOKlUDXTY1EgHbN0XOBnKTHv2RNw5FCiGUQFK2vHoPXhpQu-mrGXxoeiTclsLI7PPer9fEaxEPRGmrH8VAFYOuozYPsRF9ihmKNgS94gdpMdNIkVOH7IGLexSaJInPhNS7hXfLR6_r9c1ewsIQd0CU3X3e7Xrg2nOeaJMDzedjZ1d1BAwebv5zO4

Now for some Educational Videos

What does the Bible say about Doppelgangers?

Although it doesn’t say the word Doppelgangers, it does in a way, Reference them. The being is referenced in, Philippians 3:17. It says, “Brothers, be imitators together of me, and note those who walk this way, even as you have us for an example.”

Disturbing Tales of Doppelgangers

Doppelgangers can manifest in any number of ways: “You can see them out of the corner of your eye, meet them on a lonely road somewhere, or, chillingly, see them standing behind you when looking in a mirror. Sometimes a doppelganger can’t be seen by the person at all but instead manifests to other people in a completely different location. It may even cooperate with the person, help them with tasks, or act as a surrogate body of sorts. There are many explanations for the doppelganger phenomenon. Mystics throughout the ages have believed they are supernatural creatures: either spiritual copies of the person or downright demonic twins. Meanwhile, scientists say they’re just electrical glitches of the Brain or mental illnesses such as schizophrenia. Only two things are certain about these eerie apparitions: They are often bad news, and a surprising number of significant historical figures have claimed to be haunted by them”. (List Verse) https://listverse.com/2013/08/30/10-disturbing-tales-of-doppelgangers/

Percy Bysshe Shelley was a brilliant poet in his own right, although he is mainly remembered as the husband of Mary Shelley (the author of Frankenstein). Although one would assume that Mary, the horror writer, would have been the one to see ghosts and monsters, it was, in fact, Percy who witnessed doppelgangers. Shortly before Percy drowned in a sailing accident in 1812, he confessed to Mary that he had met his doppelganger many times. These confrontations included one particularly haunting experience where he walked onto a terrace, only to be greeted by his doppelganger who asked him, “How long do you mean to be content? ”Strangely, Percy’s doppelganger was also witnessed by her close friend Jane Williams, who saw it passing her window (on a route frequently walked by the real Percy) to a dead end but never returning. The real Percy was nowhere near.(List Verse)

Queen Elizabeth I of England (who reigned from 1558-1603) was the last Tudor to rule the country. Widely recognized as a charismatic, level-headed, and savvy monarch, she was the kind of person one wouldn’t expect to dabble with the paranormal. Which makes it all the scarier when she claimed she had witnessed her doppelganger. According to the Queen, the spectral Elizabeth was lying motionless on her bed, almost like a corpse laid out for presentation. The experience was particularly haunting because such appearances are said to be a certain sign of death. Still, it would be easy to put this down as a temporary glitch in the mind of an elderly, stressed-out ruler . . . if it wasn’t for the fact that Elizabeth died soon after seeing the doppelganger. (List Verse)


Mary of Jesus of Ágreda

Although Doppelgangers are generally perceived as sinister, it is said that sometimes a person is not only able to control them but use them as a sort of Second body that can “bilocate” to other places in an instant. In the 17th century, explorers and missionaries to the New World were astonished to find that many of the tribes in New Mexico were already merrily practicing Catholicism. When questioned, the tribesmen said they had been converted by a mysterious lady in blue, who had taught them and even given them a number of crucifixes and other items of worship. With careful detective work, a few priests finally traced the phenomenon to Maria de Agreda, a young, blue-robed Spanish nun. She claimed to have taught Christianity to the Indians by “bilocating” across the ocean. Mary had never left her convent and only knew the place she had been as “a savage land,” but her story was enough to convince the Priests. Initially, the Inquisition was extremely suspicious of Maria, but they decided to acquit her of witchcraft charges (possibly because her story was just too good to waste). Her power was declared to be of Divine origin. She became an International Celebrity, the leader of her convent, and an Author of rambling books on how she acquired her powers. However, later in life, she changed her story multiple times. Sometimes she claimed she was pressured to say she could habitually cast her spiritual copy to another continent; sometimes she said it was true after all. (List Verse)

If you would like to know where the Catholic Church stands on Doppelgangers and the act of Bilocation, you can click on the following link. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02568a.htm

Abraham Lincoln was known as “Honest Abe,” and as such was very open about his interest in the paranormal . . . at least in private discussions. According to the man himself, he also experienced some paranormal activity. On the night of his first election, he took a moment to rest on his couch one evening. While lying there, he happened to glance in a mirror and saw his own visage—except that he had two faces. A second Lincoln, pale and ghostly, was looking at him from the mirror, right next to his own face. Startled, he rose from the couch . . . and the doppelganger disappeared. He sat back down, only to see it again. Lincoln was startled, but his wife Mary was downright terrified. She was convinced that the doppelganger was bad news—a certain sign that Lincoln would be re-elected on a second term (possibly because two Lincolns equals two terms) but wouldn’t survive it (because the second Lincoln looked deathly). Lincoln went on to repeat the couch experiment every once in a while. He did manage to glimpse the doppelganger one more time, but after that, it stopped appearing. Maybe it had delivered its message, as Lincoln indeed didn’t make it through his second term. Or, you know, maybe someone just fixed the mirror.

We would like to get a Shout out to List Verse. Without there Wonderful Research, we wouldn’t have found Legitimate Stories of Celebrity Doppelganger sightings. Please visit there Website to read 6 more Celebrity stories with Doppelgangers. https://listverse.com/2013/08/30/10-disturbing-tales-of-doppelgangers/

Depending on which side of the spectrum you fall under, Dopplegangers do exist. If you are into the Paranormal, the beings are real and can cause an enormous amount of Fear. If you are in the Science world, they exist only in the minds of a patient who is Neurologically impaired. As for me, I choose to keep an Open mind and arm myself with the Knowledge in the event, that I might encounter one.

I hope that I have enlightened you in the extremely controversial subject of the Doppelganger. I know I found this research to be quite insightful. Who knows, I might even do a Part 2 of this one around Halloween. If you enjoyed this Research Post, please let me know by Commenting and Sharing. You can also click the Subscribe button.

Thanks for Traveling with me! Tell next time!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *